Baker’s Cyst Definition and the Proper Treatment

Taking care of health is a must and taking care the Baker’s cyst when it is occurred is something must be done as well for the better. This condition will occur and a protruded swelling of fluid at the back of the knee. It can be a painful condition and not comfortable to be experienced therefore baker’s cyst treatment is needed.

What is a Baker’s Cyst?

Baker’s cyst or also known as (Popliteal cyst) is known as the swelling caused by fluid that come out from the joint of knee that is protruding to the back. It will occur at the back of knee and that’s how it gains its other name. This condition is considered to be common and baker’s cyst treatment is also available.

What Causes Baker’s Cyst?

Baker’s cyst will happen when the fluid in knee joint is being compressed by the body weight. The fluid is trapped and forms a cyst. That is what actually happens to the fluid that creates swelling behind knee (Pain behind the Knee Explanation). The causes of why the fluid is trapped are varied depending on every individual’s condition.

There are several things those can cause baker’s cyst. In children, this condition often involves a small sac of fluid called bursa. This sac called bursa may join with synovial sac and form a cyst. Synovial sac is known as the cushions of knee bones.

In adults’ cases, baker’s cyst is usually caused by arthritis but knee injuries may also cause the cyst. The swelling from arthritis or the injuries will build up in the knee and sooner or later, fluid will be pushed out and cyst is formed and the bulge can be seen clearly. When the bulge can be seen clearly, everyone will know that they need proper baker’s cyst treatment. Recurrence of baker’s cyst may happen when a baker’s cyst is caused by the chronic arthritis.

What are the Symptoms?

Baker’s cyst is known as a condition that can come without any symptoms felt. However, this condition is often being associated with the stiffness or tightness behind knee or knee pain. This will be especially applied on knees those are extended or the fully flexed knees. The bulge of baker’s cyst will be clearly seen behind the knee. The bulge is usually tender and soft.

The bulge may ruptured and become complicated because the fluid will be spread down. It will cause painless bruise and may cause rapid-onset swelling on leg and it can even mimic the phlebitis on leg. If baker’s cyst is not going away, there might be pain felt by the patients. When this happens, the advanced baker’s cyst treatment is needed.

How is a Baker’s Cyst Diagnosed?

Before proceeding to baker’s cyst treatment, a proper diagnose is needed. In baker’s cyst cases, there will be a need to visit the doctor. So, when a bulge occurs and there is tightness or pain on knee, visit the doctor immediately. There are several tests that will be done in order to make sure that the bulge is indeed caused by baker’s cyst. Injection of the contrast dye followed by Arthrogram knee, Ultrasound or MRI might be conducted in order to make sure about the condition felt by every patient.

Baker's Cyst

Baker’s Cyst Picture

Treatment of Baker’s Cyst

This condition might go away all by itself without any proper baker’s cyst treatment. However, a treatment might be needed if the condition is caused by arthritis or other causes. The treatment is done to get rid of baker’s cyst along with the swelling and the pain. If the baker’s cyst does not seem to go away and becomes really painful, doctor will drain the fluid and give steroid medicine that will help in reducing inflammation caused by the cyst. In rarer case, surgery will be needed. The necessary baker’s cyst treatment options are as the followings:

  • Ice or cryotherapy can be done to reduce pain or swelling on knee caused by baker’s cyst. An ice pack made of ice cubes and towels or the frozen peas can be used in this baker’s cyst treatment.
  • Stretching exercises will be necessary to help the muscles around knees and strengthen it.
  • NSAIDS (aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen) or the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will be useful to relive pain as well as limiting swelling and inflammation. Various brands of these drugs such as ibuprofen are available without needed a prescription.
  • Physical therapy is done by keep on moving the knee and helps the muscles around knee to get stronger.
  • Surgery is the last option that will be done only when the condition is considered being severe and need an immediate action to free the patient from pain.

A baker’s cyst treatment with medicines or pain relievers is also necessary when baker’s cyst is ruptured. The treatment will mostly about relieving the pain felt until all fluid completely reabsorbed by the body.